NewsNigeriaPoliticsBoko Haram, IPOB, ISWAP make list of the world’s top ten terrorist groups

The latest report from the Global Terrorism Index (GTI) has shown that the Islamist terrorist group, Boko Haram and the separatist group, Indigenous People of Biafra (IPOB) are the seventh and tenth deadliest terror groups in the world.

In the report, the Islamic State West Africa Province (ISWAP) ranked sixth.

The GTI report, which tracks terrorism incidents across the world, is published annually by the Institute for Economics and Peace (IEP). The 2023 report was published on Tuesday, March 14.

The report says IPOB is responsible for 40 attacks and 57 deaths in 2022, ISWAP for 211 deaths and 57 attacks, and Boko Haram for 72 deaths and 64 attacks.

The report reads, “ISWA(P) continues to be the deadliest terrorist group in Nigeria for the third consecutive year. The group’s lethality rate increased for the first time in two years, from just over three deaths per attack in 2021 to 3.7 deaths per attack in 2022.

“ISWA(P) recorded its lowest number of attacks and deaths since 2020, at 57 attacks and 211 deaths in 2022, a decline of 28 per cent in attacks and 13 per cent for deaths when compared to the previous year

“The Indigenous People of Biafra (IPOB), designated as a terrorist group by the Nigerian government in 2017, recorded their deadliest year in 2022. They were responsible for 40 attacks and 57 deaths in 2022, an increase from 26 attacks and 34 deaths the year prior.

“Boko Haram’s attacks almost halved within the last year, while deaths attributed to the group increased slightly from 69 in 2021 to 72 in 2022. This is the lowest number of attacks by the group for over a decade.”

With the latest report, Nigeria, which occupied the sixth position in last year’s report, is now the eighth terrorism-prone country globally, an indication that the nation’s ranking has slightly improved.

The 2023 GTI says that the total number of deaths linked to terrorism in Nigeria dropped from 497 in 2021 to 385 in 2022. The number of terrorist attacks also dropped from 214 in 2021 to 120 last year, the lowest recorded since 2011.

By Ezinwanne Onwuka (Senior Reporter)

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